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This patch adds support for SYSTEM_OFF and SYSTEM_RESET PSCI
operations. A platform should export handlers to complete the
requested operation. The FVP port exports fvp_system_off() and
fvp_system_reset() as an example.
If the SPD provides a power management hook for system off and
system reset, then the SPD is notified about the corresponding
operation so it can do some bookkeeping. The TSPD exports
tspd_system_off() and tspd_system_reset() for that purpose.
Versatile Express shutdown and reset methods have been removed
from the FDT as new PSCI sys_poweroff and sys_reset services
have been added. For those kernels that do not support yet these
PSCI services (i.e. GICv3 kernel), the original dtsi files have
been renamed to *-no_psci.dtsi.
This patch uses stacks allocated in normal memory to enable the MMU early in the
warm boot path thus removing the dependency on stacks allocated in coherent
memory. Necessary cache and stack maintenance is performed when a cpu is being
powered down and up. This avoids any coherency issues that can arise from
reading speculatively fetched stale stack memory from another CPUs cache. These
changes affect the warm boot path in both BL3-1 and BL3-2.
The EL3 system registers responsible for preserving the MMU state are not saved
and restored any longer. Static values are used to program these system
registers when a cpu is powered on or resumed from suspend.
The crash reporting support and early initialisation of the
cpu_data allow the runtime_exception vectors to be used from
the start in BL3-1, removing the need for the additional
early_exception vectors and 2KB of code from BL3-1.
This patch prepares the per-cpu pointer cache for wider use by:
* renaming the structure to cpu_data and placing in new header
* providing accessors for this CPU, or other CPUs
* splitting the initialization of the TPIDR pointer from the
initialization of the cpu_data content
* moving the crash stack initialization to a crash stack function
* setting the TPIDR pointer very early during boot
This patch makes the console crash dump of processor register
state optional based on the CRASH_REPORTING make variable.
This defaults to only being enabled for DEBUG builds. This can
be overridden by setting a different value in the platform
makefile or on the make command line.
This patch adds a common handler for FIQ and IRQ exceptions in the
BL3-1 runtime exception vector table. This function determines the
interrupt type and calls its handler. A crash is reported if an
inconsistency in the interrupt management framework is detected. In
the event of a spurious interrupt, execution resumes from the
instruction where the interrupt was generated.
This patch also removes 'cm_macros.S' as its contents have been moved
This patch introduces a framework for registering interrupts routed to
EL3. The interrupt routing model is governed by the SCR_EL3.IRQ and
FIQ bits and the security state an interrupt is generated in. The
framework recognizes three type of interrupts depending upon which
exception level and security state they should be handled in
i.e. Secure EL1 interrupts, Non-secure interrupts and EL3
interrupts. It provides an API and macros that allow a runtime service
to register an handler for a type of interrupt and specify the routing
model. The framework validates the routing model and uses the context
management framework to ensure that it is applied to the SCR_EL3 prior
to entry into the target security state. It saves the handler in
internal data structures. An API is provided to retrieve the handler
when an interrupt of a particular type is asserted. Registration is
expected to be done once by the primary CPU. The same handler and
routing model is used for all CPUs.
Support for EL3 interrupts will be added to the framework in the
future. A makefile flag has been added to allow the FVP port choose
between ARM GIC v2 and v3 support in EL3. The latter version is
A framework for handling interrupts in BL3-1 will be introduced in
subsequent patches. The default routing model in the absence of any
handlers expects no interrupts to be routed to EL3.
This change adds optional reset vector support to BL3-1
which means BL3-1 entry point can detect cold/warm boot,
initialise primary cpu, set up cci and mail box.
When using BL3-1 as a reset vector it is assumed that
the BL3-1 platform code can determine the location of
the BL3-2 images, or load them as there are no parameters
that can be passed to BL3-1 at reset.
It also fixes the incorrect initialisation of mailbox
registers on the FVP platform
This feature can be enabled by building the code with
make variable RESET_TO_BL31 set as 1
This patch implements the register reporting when unhandled exceptions are
taken in BL3-1. Unhandled exceptions will result in a dump of registers
to the console, before halting execution by that CPU. The Crash Stack,
previously called the Exception Stack, is used for this activity.
This stack is used to preserve the CPU context and runtime stack
contents for debugging and analysis.
This also introduces the per_cpu_ptr_cache, referenced by tpidr_el3,
to provide easy access to some of BL3-1 per-cpu data structures.
Initially, this is used to provide a pointer to the Crash stack.
panic() now prints the the error file and line number in Debug mode
and prints the PC value in release mode.
The Exception Stack is renamed to Crash Stack with this patch.
The original intention of exception stack is no longer valid
since we intend to support several valid exceptions like IRQ
and FIQ in the trusted firmware context. This stack is now
utilized for dumping and reporting the system state when a
crash happens and hence the rename.
Fixes ARM-software/tf-issues#79 Improve reporting of unhandled exception
Remove all usage of the vpath keyword in makefiles as it was prone
to mistakes. Specify the relative paths to source files instead.
Also reorder source files in makefiles alphabetically.
Move almost all system include files to a logical sub-directory
under ./include. The only remaining system include directories
not under ./include are specific to the platform. Move the
corresponding source files to match the include directory
Also remove pm.h as it is no longer used.
bl1/aarch64/early_exceptions.S used to be re-used by BL2, BL3-1 and
BL3-2. There was some early SMC handling code in there that was not
required by the other bootloader stages. Therefore this patch
introduces an even simpler exception vector source file for BL2,
BL3-1 and BL3-2.
At present, the entry point for each BL image is specified via the
Makefiles and provided on the command line to the linker. When using a
link script the entry point should rather be specified via the ENTRY()
directive in the link script.
This patch updates linker scripts of all BL images to specify the entry
point using the ENTRY() directive. It also removes the --entry flag
passed to the linker through Makefile.
Fixes issue ARM-software/tf-issues#66
This patch implements ARM Standard Service as a runtime service and adds
support for call count, UID and revision information SMCs. The existing
PSCI implementation is subsumed by the Standard Service calls and all
PSCI calls are therefore dispatched by the Standard Service to the PSCI
At present, PSCI is the only specification under Standard Service. Thus
call count returns the number of PSCI calls implemented. As this is the
initial implementation, a revision number of 0.1 is returned for call
This change requires all platforms to now specify a list of source files
rather than object files.
New source files should preferably be specified by using the path as
well and we should add this in the future for all files so we can remove
use of vpath. This is desirable because vpath hides issues like the fact
that BL2 currently pulls in a BL1 file bl1/aarch64/early_exceptions.S
and if in the future we added bl2/aarch64/early_exceptions.S then it's
likely only one of the two version would be used for both bootloaders.
This change also removes the 'dump' build target and simply gets
bootloaders to always generate a dump file. At the same time the -x
option is added so the section headers and symbols table are listed.
Signed-off-by: Jon Medhurst <email@example.com>
This patch creates a 'services' directory and moves the PSCI under
it. Other runtime services e.g. the Secure Payload Dispatcher service
will be placed under the same directory in the future.
Also fixes issue ARM-software/tf-issues#12
This patch uses the reworked exception handling support to handle
runtime service requests through SMCs following the SMC calling
convention. This is a giant commit since all the changes are
inter-related. It does the following:
1. Replace the old exception handling mechanism with the new one
2. Enforce that SP_EL0 is used C runtime stacks.
3. Ensures that the cold and warm boot paths use the 'cpu_context'
structure to program an ERET into the next lower EL.
4. Ensures that SP_EL3 always points to the next 'cpu_context'
structure prior to an ERET into the next lower EL
5. Introduces a PSCI SMC handler which completes the use of PSCI as a
Co-authored-by: Achin Gupta <firstname.lastname@example.org>
This patch adds support for a cpu context management library. This
library will be used to:
1. Share pointers to secure and non-secure state cpu contexts between
runtime services e.g. PSCI and Secure Payload Dispatcher services
2. Set SP_EL3 to a context structure which will be used for
programming an ERET into a lower EL
3. Provide wrapper functions to save and restore EL3 & EL1
state. These functions will in turn use the helper functions in
This patch introduces functions for saving and restoring shared system
registers between secure and non-secure EL1 exception levels, VFP
registers and essential EL3 system register and other state. It also
defines the 'cpu_context' data structure which will used for saving and
restoring execution context for a given security state. These functions
will allow runtime services like PSCI and Secure payload dispatcher to
implement logic for switching between the secure and non-secure states.
The save and restore functions follow AArch64 PCS and only use
caller-saved temporary registers.
This patch ensures that VBAR_EL3 points to the simple stack-less
'early_exceptions' when the C runtime stack is not correctly setup to
use the more complex 'runtime_exceptions'. It is initialised to
'runtime_exceptions' once this is done.
This patch also moves all exception vectors into a '.vectors' section
and modifies linker scripts to place all such sections together. This
will minimize space wastage from alignment restrictions.
Tidy up the spacing of variable definitions within the makefiles to make
them more consistent, easier to read and amend.
Signed-off-by: Ryan Harkin <email@example.com>
Move all explicit platform or architecture specific references
into a new platform.mk file that is defined for each platform.
Signed-off-by: Ryan Harkin <firstname.lastname@example.org>
The GICv3 distributor can have more ports than CPUs are available in
the system. Probe all re-distributors and use the matching affinity
levels as specified by each core and re-distributor to decide which
re-distributor to use with which CPU core.
If a core cannot be matched with a re-distributor, the core panics and
is placed in an endless loop.
GIC setup code which used to be in bl31_plat_setup.c is now in fvp_gic.c
to simplify future changes to other bootloader stages. This patch moves
code from bl31_plat_setup.c to fvp_gic.c, simplifies the include file
list for bl31_plat_setup.c, moves GIC declarations from the bl31.h header
file into the platform.h, and reworks files according to coding style
- This change is split into two separate patches in order to
simplify the history as interpreted by 'git'. The split is
between the move/rename and addition of new files.
- Remove dependency on toolchain C library headers and functions in
order to ensure behavioural compatibility between toolchains.
- Use FreeBSD as reference for C library implementation.
- Do not let GCC use default library include paths.
- Remove unused definitions in modified headers and implementations.
- Move C library files to 'lib/stdlib' and 'include/stdlib'.
- Break std.c functions out into separate files.
- Add instructions for contributing to ARM Trusted Firmware.
- Update copyright text in all files to acknowledge contributors.