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authorSoby Mathew <soby.mathew@arm.com>2016-03-22 15:51:08 +0000
committerSoby Mathew <soby.mathew@arm.com>2016-04-13 12:06:23 +0100
commit3ca9928df202607e6d77e8b8a31a30ff4a934a4b (patch)
treefd00a5c828be6be0bc87d40f1dde1d40f938b6d6 /lib/aarch64
parent72c1dc149c2b4a89735a30ccc3e13dccb66a0b74 (diff)
downloadtrusted-firmware-a-3ca9928df202607e6d77e8b8a31a30ff4a934a4b.tar.gz
Refactor the xlat_tables library code
The AArch32 long descriptor format and the AArch64 descriptor format correspond to each other which allows possible sharing of xlat_tables library code between AArch64 and AArch32. This patch refactors the xlat_tables library code to seperate the common functionality from architecture specific code. Prior to this patch, all of the xlat_tables library code were in `lib/aarch64/xlat_tables.c` file. The refactored code is now in `lib/xlat_tables/` directory. The AArch64 specific programming for xlat_tables is in `lib/xlat_tables/aarch64/xlat_tables.c` and the rest of the code common to AArch64 and AArch32 is in `lib/xlat_tables/xlat_tables_common.c`. Also the data types used in xlat_tables library APIs are reworked to make it compatible between AArch64 and AArch32. The `lib/aarch64/xlat_tables.c` file now includes the new xlat_tables library files to retain compatibility for existing platform ports. The macros related to xlat_tables library are also moved from `include/lib/aarch64/arch.h` to the header `include/lib/xlat_tables.h`. NOTE: THE `lib/aarch64/xlat_tables.c` FILE IS DEPRECATED AND PLATFORM PORTS ARE EXPECTED TO INCLUDE THE NEW XLAT_TABLES LIBRARY FILES IN THEIR MAKEFILES. Change-Id: I3d17217d24aaf3a05a4685d642a31d4d56255a0f
Diffstat (limited to 'lib/aarch64')
-rw-r--r--lib/aarch64/xlat_tables.c367
1 files changed, 6 insertions, 361 deletions
diff --git a/lib/aarch64/xlat_tables.c b/lib/aarch64/xlat_tables.c
index 269743f786..b140f292d6 100644
--- a/lib/aarch64/xlat_tables.c
+++ b/lib/aarch64/xlat_tables.c
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
/*
- * Copyright (c) 2014, ARM Limited and Contributors. All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright (c) 2014-2016, ARM Limited and Contributors. All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
@@ -28,366 +28,11 @@
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
-#include <arch.h>
-#include <arch_helpers.h>
-#include <assert.h>
-#include <bl_common.h>
-#include <cassert.h>
-#include <debug.h>
-#include <platform_def.h>
-#include <string.h>
-#include <xlat_tables.h>
-
-#if LOG_LEVEL >= LOG_LEVEL_VERBOSE
-#define LVL0_SPACER ""
-#define LVL1_SPACER " "
-#define LVL2_SPACER " "
-#define LVL3_SPACER " "
-#define get_level_spacer(level) \
- (((level) == 0) ? LVL0_SPACER : \
- (((level) == 1) ? LVL1_SPACER : \
- (((level) == 2) ? LVL2_SPACER : LVL3_SPACER)))
-#define debug_print(...) tf_printf(__VA_ARGS__)
-#else
-#define debug_print(...) ((void)0)
-#endif
-
-#define IS_POWER_OF_TWO(x) (((x) & ((x) - 1)) == 0)
-
-/*
- * The virtual address space size must be a power of two (as set in TCR.T0SZ).
- * As we start the initial lookup at level 1, it must also be between 2 GB and
- * 512 GB (with the virtual address size therefore 31 to 39 bits). See section
- * D4.2.5 in the ARMv8-A Architecture Reference Manual (DDI 0487A.i) for more
- * information.
- */
-CASSERT(ADDR_SPACE_SIZE >= (1ull << 31) && ADDR_SPACE_SIZE <= (1ull << 39) &&
- IS_POWER_OF_TWO(ADDR_SPACE_SIZE), assert_valid_addr_space_size);
-
-#define UNSET_DESC ~0ul
-
-#define NUM_L1_ENTRIES (ADDR_SPACE_SIZE >> L1_XLAT_ADDRESS_SHIFT)
-
-static uint64_t l1_xlation_table[NUM_L1_ENTRIES]
-__aligned(NUM_L1_ENTRIES * sizeof(uint64_t));
-
-static uint64_t xlat_tables[MAX_XLAT_TABLES][XLAT_TABLE_ENTRIES]
-__aligned(XLAT_TABLE_SIZE) __section("xlat_table");
-
-static unsigned next_xlat;
-static unsigned long max_pa;
-static unsigned long max_va;
-static unsigned long tcr_ps_bits;
-
/*
- * Array of all memory regions stored in order of ascending base address.
- * The list is terminated by the first entry with size == 0.
+ * This file is deprecated and is retained here only for compatibility.
+ * The xlat_tables library can be found in `lib/xlat_tables` directory.
*/
-static mmap_region_t mmap[MAX_MMAP_REGIONS + 1];
-
-
-static void print_mmap(void)
-{
-#if LOG_LEVEL >= LOG_LEVEL_VERBOSE
- debug_print("mmap:\n");
- mmap_region_t *mm = mmap;
- while (mm->size) {
- debug_print(" VA:0x%lx PA:0x%lx size:0x%lx attr:0x%x\n",
- mm->base_va, mm->base_pa, mm->size, mm->attr);
- ++mm;
- };
- debug_print("\n");
+#if !ERROR_DEPRECATED
+#include "../xlat_tables/xlat_tables_common.c"
+#include "../xlat_tables/aarch64/xlat_tables.c"
#endif
-}
-
-void mmap_add_region(unsigned long base_pa, unsigned long base_va,
- unsigned long size, unsigned attr)
-{
- mmap_region_t *mm = mmap;
- mmap_region_t *mm_last = mm + ARRAY_SIZE(mmap) - 1;
- unsigned long pa_end = base_pa + size - 1;
- unsigned long va_end = base_va + size - 1;
-
- assert(IS_PAGE_ALIGNED(base_pa));
- assert(IS_PAGE_ALIGNED(base_va));
- assert(IS_PAGE_ALIGNED(size));
-
- if (!size)
- return;
-
- /* Find correct place in mmap to insert new region */
- while (mm->base_va < base_va && mm->size)
- ++mm;
-
- /* Make room for new region by moving other regions up by one place */
- memmove(mm + 1, mm, (uintptr_t)mm_last - (uintptr_t)mm);
-
- /* Check we haven't lost the empty sentinal from the end of the array */
- assert(mm_last->size == 0);
-
- mm->base_pa = base_pa;
- mm->base_va = base_va;
- mm->size = size;
- mm->attr = attr;
-
- if (pa_end > max_pa)
- max_pa = pa_end;
- if (va_end > max_va)
- max_va = va_end;
-}
-
-void mmap_add(const mmap_region_t *mm)
-{
- while (mm->size) {
- mmap_add_region(mm->base_pa, mm->base_va, mm->size, mm->attr);
- ++mm;
- }
-}
-
-static unsigned long mmap_desc(unsigned attr, unsigned long addr_pa,
- unsigned level)
-{
- unsigned long desc = addr_pa;
- int mem_type;
-
- desc |= level == 3 ? TABLE_DESC : BLOCK_DESC;
-
- desc |= attr & MT_NS ? LOWER_ATTRS(NS) : 0;
-
- desc |= attr & MT_RW ? LOWER_ATTRS(AP_RW) : LOWER_ATTRS(AP_RO);
-
- desc |= LOWER_ATTRS(ACCESS_FLAG);
-
- mem_type = MT_TYPE(attr);
- if (mem_type == MT_MEMORY) {
- desc |= LOWER_ATTRS(ATTR_IWBWA_OWBWA_NTR_INDEX | ISH);
- if (attr & MT_RW)
- desc |= UPPER_ATTRS(XN);
- } else if (mem_type == MT_NON_CACHEABLE) {
- desc |= LOWER_ATTRS(ATTR_NON_CACHEABLE_INDEX | OSH);
- if (attr & MT_RW)
- desc |= UPPER_ATTRS(XN);
- } else {
- assert(mem_type == MT_DEVICE);
- desc |= LOWER_ATTRS(ATTR_DEVICE_INDEX | OSH);
- desc |= UPPER_ATTRS(XN);
- }
-
- debug_print((mem_type == MT_MEMORY) ? "MEM" :
- ((mem_type == MT_NON_CACHEABLE) ? "NC" : "DEV"));
- debug_print(attr & MT_RW ? "-RW" : "-RO");
- debug_print(attr & MT_NS ? "-NS" : "-S");
-
- return desc;
-}
-
-static int mmap_region_attr(mmap_region_t *mm, unsigned long base_va,
- unsigned long size)
-{
- int attr = mm->attr;
- int old_mem_type, new_mem_type;
-
- for (;;) {
- ++mm;
-
- if (!mm->size)
- return attr; /* Reached end of list */
-
- if (mm->base_va >= base_va + size)
- return attr; /* Next region is after area so end */
-
- if (mm->base_va + mm->size <= base_va)
- continue; /* Next region has already been overtaken */
-
- if ((mm->attr & attr) == attr)
- continue; /* Region doesn't override attribs so skip */
-
- /*
- * Update memory mapping attributes in 2 steps:
- * 1) Update access permissions and security state flags
- * 2) Update memory type.
- *
- * See xlat_tables.h for details about the attributes priority
- * system and the rules dictating whether attributes should be
- * updated.
- */
- old_mem_type = MT_TYPE(attr);
- new_mem_type = MT_TYPE(mm->attr);
- attr &= mm->attr;
- if (new_mem_type < old_mem_type)
- attr = (attr & ~MT_TYPE_MASK) | new_mem_type;
-
- if (mm->base_va > base_va ||
- mm->base_va + mm->size < base_va + size)
- return -1; /* Region doesn't fully cover our area */
- }
-}
-
-static mmap_region_t *init_xlation_table(mmap_region_t *mm,
- unsigned long base_va,
- unsigned long *table, unsigned level)
-{
- unsigned level_size_shift = L1_XLAT_ADDRESS_SHIFT - (level - 1) *
- XLAT_TABLE_ENTRIES_SHIFT;
- unsigned level_size = 1 << level_size_shift;
- unsigned long level_index_mask = XLAT_TABLE_ENTRIES_MASK << level_size_shift;
-
- assert(level <= 3);
-
- debug_print("New xlat table:\n");
-
- do {
- unsigned long desc = UNSET_DESC;
-
- if (!mm->size) {
- /* Done mapping regions; finish zeroing the table */
- desc = INVALID_DESC;
- } else if (mm->base_va + mm->size <= base_va) {
- /* Area now after the region so skip it */
- ++mm;
- continue;
- }
-
- debug_print("%s VA:0x%lx size:0x%x ", get_level_spacer(level),
- base_va, level_size);
-
- if (mm->base_va >= base_va + level_size) {
- /* Next region is after area so nothing to map yet */
- desc = INVALID_DESC;
- } else if (mm->base_va <= base_va && mm->base_va + mm->size >=
- base_va + level_size) {
- /* Next region covers all of area */
- int attr = mmap_region_attr(mm, base_va, level_size);
- if (attr >= 0)
- desc = mmap_desc(attr,
- base_va - mm->base_va + mm->base_pa,
- level);
- }
- /* else Next region only partially covers area, so need */
-
- if (desc == UNSET_DESC) {
- /* Area not covered by a region so need finer table */
- unsigned long *new_table = xlat_tables[next_xlat++];
- assert(next_xlat <= MAX_XLAT_TABLES);
- desc = TABLE_DESC | (unsigned long)new_table;
-
- /* Recurse to fill in new table */
- mm = init_xlation_table(mm, base_va,
- new_table, level+1);
- }
-
- debug_print("\n");
-
- *table++ = desc;
- base_va += level_size;
- } while ((base_va & level_index_mask) && (base_va < ADDR_SPACE_SIZE));
-
- return mm;
-}
-
-static unsigned int calc_physical_addr_size_bits(unsigned long max_addr)
-{
- /* Physical address can't exceed 48 bits */
- assert((max_addr & ADDR_MASK_48_TO_63) == 0);
-
- /* 48 bits address */
- if (max_addr & ADDR_MASK_44_TO_47)
- return TCR_PS_BITS_256TB;
-
- /* 44 bits address */
- if (max_addr & ADDR_MASK_42_TO_43)
- return TCR_PS_BITS_16TB;
-
- /* 42 bits address */
- if (max_addr & ADDR_MASK_40_TO_41)
- return TCR_PS_BITS_4TB;
-
- /* 40 bits address */
- if (max_addr & ADDR_MASK_36_TO_39)
- return TCR_PS_BITS_1TB;
-
- /* 36 bits address */
- if (max_addr & ADDR_MASK_32_TO_35)
- return TCR_PS_BITS_64GB;
-
- return TCR_PS_BITS_4GB;
-}
-
-void init_xlat_tables(void)
-{
- print_mmap();
- init_xlation_table(mmap, 0, l1_xlation_table, 1);
- tcr_ps_bits = calc_physical_addr_size_bits(max_pa);
- assert(max_va < ADDR_SPACE_SIZE);
-}
-
-/*******************************************************************************
- * Macro generating the code for the function enabling the MMU in the given
- * exception level, assuming that the pagetables have already been created.
- *
- * _el: Exception level at which the function will run
- * _tcr_extra: Extra bits to set in the TCR register. This mask will
- * be OR'ed with the default TCR value.
- * _tlbi_fct: Function to invalidate the TLBs at the current
- * exception level
- ******************************************************************************/
-#define DEFINE_ENABLE_MMU_EL(_el, _tcr_extra, _tlbi_fct) \
- void enable_mmu_el##_el(uint32_t flags) \
- { \
- uint64_t mair, tcr, ttbr; \
- uint32_t sctlr; \
- \
- assert(IS_IN_EL(_el)); \
- assert((read_sctlr_el##_el() & SCTLR_M_BIT) == 0); \
- \
- /* Set attributes in the right indices of the MAIR */ \
- mair = MAIR_ATTR_SET(ATTR_DEVICE, ATTR_DEVICE_INDEX); \
- mair |= MAIR_ATTR_SET(ATTR_IWBWA_OWBWA_NTR, \
- ATTR_IWBWA_OWBWA_NTR_INDEX); \
- mair |= MAIR_ATTR_SET(ATTR_NON_CACHEABLE, \
- ATTR_NON_CACHEABLE_INDEX); \
- write_mair_el##_el(mair); \
- \
- /* Invalidate TLBs at the current exception level */ \
- _tlbi_fct(); \
- \
- /* Set TCR bits as well. */ \
- /* Inner & outer WBWA & shareable + T0SZ = 32 */ \
- tcr = TCR_SH_INNER_SHAREABLE | TCR_RGN_OUTER_WBA | \
- TCR_RGN_INNER_WBA | \
- (64 - __builtin_ctzl(ADDR_SPACE_SIZE)); \
- tcr |= _tcr_extra; \
- write_tcr_el##_el(tcr); \
- \
- /* Set TTBR bits as well */ \
- ttbr = (uint64_t) l1_xlation_table; \
- write_ttbr0_el##_el(ttbr); \
- \
- /* Ensure all translation table writes have drained */ \
- /* into memory, the TLB invalidation is complete, */ \
- /* and translation register writes are committed */ \
- /* before enabling the MMU */ \
- dsb(); \
- isb(); \
- \
- sctlr = read_sctlr_el##_el(); \
- sctlr |= SCTLR_WXN_BIT | SCTLR_M_BIT; \
- \
- if (flags & DISABLE_DCACHE) \
- sctlr &= ~SCTLR_C_BIT; \
- else \
- sctlr |= SCTLR_C_BIT; \
- \
- write_sctlr_el##_el(sctlr); \
- \
- /* Ensure the MMU enable takes effect immediately */ \
- isb(); \
- }
-
-/* Define EL1 and EL3 variants of the function enabling the MMU */
-DEFINE_ENABLE_MMU_EL(1,
- (tcr_ps_bits << TCR_EL1_IPS_SHIFT),
- tlbivmalle1)
-DEFINE_ENABLE_MMU_EL(3,
- TCR_EL3_RES1 | (tcr_ps_bits << TCR_EL3_PS_SHIFT),
- tlbialle3)